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A Very Easy Death: Simone de Beauvoir

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Anglemyer, A; Horvath, T; Rutherford, G (21 January 2014). "The accessibility of firearms and risk for suicide and homicide victimization among household members: a systematic review and meta-analysis". Annals of Internal Medicine. 160 (2): 101–10. doi: 10.7326/M13-1301. PMID 24592495. S2CID 4509567.

Suicide methods - Wikipedia

Yip, PS; Caine, E; Yousuf, S; Chang, SS; Wu, KC; Chen, YY (23 June 2012). "Means restriction for suicide prevention". Lancet. 379 (9834): 2393–9. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60521-2. PMC 6191653. PMID 22726520. In modern terms, the use of "euthanasia" in the context of Action T4 is seen to be a euphemism to disguise a program of genocide, in which people were killed on the grounds of "disabilities, religious beliefs, and discordant individual values". [50] Compared to the discussions of euthanasia that emerged post-war, the Nazi program may have been worded in terms that appear similar to the modern use of "euthanasia", but there was no "mercy" and the patients were not necessarily terminally ill. [50] Despite these differences, historian and euthanasia opponent Ian Dowbiggin writes that "the origins of Nazi euthanasia, like those of the American euthanasia movement, predate the Third Reich and were intertwined with the history of eugenics and Social Darwinism, and with efforts to discredit traditional morality and ethics." [41] :65 1949 New York State Petition for Euthanasia and Catholic opposition A particular type of poisoning involves the inhalation of high levels of carbon monoxide (CO). Death usually occurs through hypoxia. A nonfatal attempt can result in memory loss and other symptoms. [52] Wreen, Michael (1988). "The Definition of Euthanasia". Philosophy and Phenomenological Research. 48 (4): 637–53. doi: 10.2307/2108012. JSTOR 2108012. PMID 11652547.Historical Timeline: History of Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide," Archived 5 July 2012 at the Library of Congress Web Archives Euthanasia – ProCon.org. Last updated on: 23 July 2013. Retrieved 4 May 2014. Havârneanu, GM; Burkhardt, JM; Paran, F (August 2015). "A systematic review of the literature on safety measures to prevent railway suicides and trespassing accidents". Accident Analysis and Prevention. 81: 30–50. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2015.04.012. PMID 25939134.

Youth inhales CO for painless death | Delhi News - Times of India Youth inhales CO for painless death | Delhi News - Times of India

Rachels J (January 1975). "Active and passive euthanasia". N. Engl. J. Med. 292 (2): 78–80. doi: 10.1056/NEJM197501092920206. PMID 1109443. S2CID 46465710. Fahim, Kareem (21 January 2011). "Slap to a Man's Pride Set Off Tumult in Tunisia". The New York Times. p.2 . Retrieved 23 January 2011. Non-voluntary euthanasia is conducted when the consent of the patient is unavailable. Examples include child euthanasia, which is illegal worldwide but decriminalised under certain specific circumstances in the Netherlands under the Groningen Protocol. Passive forms of non-voluntary euthanasia (i.e. withholding treatment) are legal in a number of countries under specified conditions. Baker, Susan P.; O'Neill, Brian; Ginsburg, Marvin J.; Li, Guohua (1991). The Injury Fact Book. Oxford University Press. p.65. ISBN 978-0-19-974870-9.

Ritual suicide is performed in a specifically prescribed way, often as part of a cultural or religious practice. Suicide by hanging was traditionally practiced in China and the Sinosphere as a means of ensuring that one's ghost would be able to haunt and torment the powerful but unjust. Self-immolation was practiced similarly in India and spread with Dharmic religions. Some forms of suicide involve or are understood as martyrdom and are undertaken ritualistically. Sallekhana is the practice of ritualized starvation following Jain practices. Romans who considered themselves dishonored would "fall on their sword", ritualistically transfixing themselves on their swords; the similar medieval Japanese practice became known as seppuku or harakiri. [ citation needed] See also In discussing his definition, Wreen noted the difficulty of justifying euthanasia when faced with the notion of the subject's " right to life". In response, Wreen argued that euthanasia has to be voluntary and that "involuntary euthanasia is, as such, a great wrong". [21] Other commentators incorporate consent more directly into their definitions. For example, in a discussion of euthanasia presented in 2003 by the European Association of Palliative Care (EPAC) Ethics Task Force, the authors offered: "Medicalized killing of a person without the person's consent, whether nonvoluntary (where the person is unable to consent) or involuntary (against the person's will), is not euthanasia: it is murder. Hence, euthanasia can be voluntary only." [22] Although the EPAC Ethics Task Force argued that both non-voluntary and involuntary euthanasia could not be included in the definition of euthanasia, there is discussion in the literature about excluding one but not the other. [21] Classification If your pain reliever stops working, talk to your doctor. They may provide you with something stronger, such as morphine. Evidence exists for suicide by capital crime in colonial Australia. Convicts seeking to escape their brutal treatment would murder another individual. This was felt necessary due to a religious taboo against direct suicide. A person completing suicide was believed to be destined for hell, whereas a person committing murder could be absolved of their sins before execution. In its most extreme form, groups of prisoners on the extremely brutal penal colony of Norfolk Island would form suicide lotteries. Prisoners would draw straws with one prisoner murdering another. The remaining participants would witness the crime, and would be sent away to Sydney, as capital trials could not be held on Norfolk Island, thus earning a break from the Island. There is uncertainty as to the extent of suicide lotteries. While surviving contemporary accounts claim that the practice was common, such claims are probably exaggerated. [144] Rituals Wesley J. Smith (1997). Forced Exit (Forced exited.). New York: Times Books. ISBN 978-0-8129-2790-0. OL 1006883M. 0812927907.

death: 11 symptoms and what to expect Signs of death: 11 symptoms and what to expect

The third element incorporated into many definitions is that of intentionality: the death must be intended rather than accidental, and the intent of the action must be a "merciful death". [11] Michael Wreen argued that "the principal thing that distinguishes euthanasia from intentional killing simpliciter is the agent's motive: it must be a good motive insofar as the good of the person killed is concerned." [15] Similarly, Heather Draper speaks to the importance of motive, arguing that "the motive forms a crucial part of arguments for euthanasia, because it must be in the best interests of the person on the receiving end." [12] Definitions such as those offered by the House of Lords Select committee on Medical Ethics take this path, where euthanasia is defined as "a deliberate intervention undertaken with the express intention of ending a life, to relieve intractable suffering." [3] Beauchamp and Davidson also highlight Baruch Brody's "an act of euthanasia is one in which one person... (A) kills another person (B) for the benefit of the second person, who actually does benefit from being killed". [16] a b Pope, Thaddeus Mason; Anderson, Lindsey E. (7 October 2010), Voluntarily Stopping Eating and Drinking: A Legal Treatment Option at the End of Life, SSRN 1689049 Kohl, Marvin; Kurtz, Paul (1975). "A Plea for Beneficient Euthanasia". In Kohl, Marvin (ed.). Beneficient Euthanasia. Buffalo, New York: Prometheus Books. p.94. , quoted in Beauchamp & Davidson (1979), p 295. a b Berk, Michele (12 March 2019). Evidence-Based Treatment Approaches for Suicidal Adolescents: Translating Science Into Practice. American Psychiatric Pub. p.309. ISBN 978-1-61537-163-1. Lester, D. (March 1990). "Changes in the methods used for suicide in 16 countries from 1960 to 1980". Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 81 (3): 260–61. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0447.1990.tb06492.x. PMID 2343750. S2CID 28751662.Indirect suicide is the act of setting out on an obviously fatal course without directly carrying out the act upon oneself. Indirect suicide is differentiated from legally defined suicide by the fact that the person does not directly cause the action meant to kill them, but rather expects and allows the action to happen to them. Examples of indirect suicide include a soldier enlisting in the army with the intention and expectation of being killed in combat, or provoking an armed law enforcement officer into using lethal force against them. The latter is generally called " suicide by cop". Cheung, AH; Dewa, CS (2005). "Current trends in youth suicide and firearms regulations". Canadian Journal of Public Health. 96 (2): 131–35. doi: 10.1007/BF03403676. PMC 6975744. PMID 15850034. Germanwings Flight 4U9525: Co-pilot put plane into descent, prosecutor says". CBC News. 26 March 2015 . Retrieved 26 March 2015. a b c d e Beauchamp, Tom L.; Davidson, Arnold I. (1979). "The Definition of Euthanasia". Journal of Medicine and Philosophy. 4 (3): 294–312. doi: 10.1093/jmp/4.3.294. PMID 501249. Ramsay, J H R (28 May 2011). "A king, a doctor, and a convenient death". British Medical Journal. 308 (1445): 1445. doi: 10.1136/bmj.308.6941.1445. PMC 2540387. PMID 11644545.

4 Ways to Die Peacefully - wikiHow

Pompili, M; Serafini, G; Innamorati, M; etal. (30 November 2012). "Car accidents as a method of suicide: a comprehensive overview". Forensic Science International. 223 (1–3): 1–9. doi: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2012.04.012. hdl: 11567/503698. PMID 22576104. The term euthanasia, in the earlier sense of supporting someone as they died, was used for the first time by Francis Bacon. In his work, Euthanasia medica, he chose this ancient Greek word and, in doing so, distinguished between euthanasia interior, the preparation of the soul for death, and euthanasia exterior, which was intended to make the end of life easier and painless, in exceptional circumstances by shortening life. That the ancient meaning of an easy death came to the fore again in the early modern period can be seen from its definition in the 18th century Zedlers Universallexikon: a b "Share of suicide deaths from pesticide poisoning". Our World in Data . Retrieved 4 March 2020. https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/wellness-and-prevention/palliative-care-methods-for-controlling-painWounds from suicide attempts involve the non-dominant hand, with damage often done to the median nerve, ulnar nerve, radial artery, palmaris longus muscle, and flexor carpi radialis muscle. [109] [107] Such injuries can severely affect the function of the hand, and the inability caused to carry out work or interests increases the risk of further attempts. [107] a b Yip, Paul S. F.; Caine, Eric; Yousuf, Saman; Chang, Shu-Sen; Wu, Kevin Chien-Chang; Chen, Ying-Yeh (23 June 2012). "Means restriction for suicide prevention". Lancet. 379 (9834): 2393–99. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60521-2. ISSN 1474-547X. PMC 6191653. PMID 22726520. Clark, Nicola; Bilefsky, Dan (26 March 2015). "Germanwings Co-Pilot Deliberately Crashed Airbus Jet, French Prosecutor Says". The New York Times . Retrieved 26 March 2015. Ian Dowbiggin (March 2007). A Concise History of Euthanasia: Life, Death, God, and Medicine. Rowman & Littlefield. pp.51, 62–64. ISBN 978-0-7425-3111-6. A drug overdose involves taking a dose of a drug that exceeds safe levels. In the UK (England and Wales) until 2013, a drug overdose was the most common suicide method in females. [43] In 2019 in males the percentage is 16%. Self-poisoning accounts for the highest number of non-fatal suicide attempts. In the United States about 60% of suicide attempts and 14% of suicide deaths involve drug overdoses. [28] The risk of death in suicide attempts involving overdose is about 2%. [28] [ verification needed]

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